空城澹月華

Sir Edward Burnett Tylor

听写于:2016-11-24 11:44 用时:28:56 正确率:90% 错词:22个

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Like many English men Englishmen who suffered from tuberculosis in the 19th century, Sir Edward Burnett Tylor went abroad on medical advice, seeking the dryer drier air of warmer regions. Tylor came from a prosperous Quaker business family. , so he had the resources for a long trip. In 1855 , in his early 20s, he left for the New World . and after befriending Henry Christy, a Quaker archaeologist archeologist he met in his travels, they ended up riding together through the Mexican countryside, visiting Aztec ruins and dusty pueblos.

Christy was already an experienced archaeologist, a dunter archeologist and under his tutorage tried to learn tutelage Tylor learned how to work in the field. , and his Mexican surgen filed sergeant fired in him an enthusiasm for the study a thorough way of faraway societiesancients , ancient and modern, that lasted the rest of his life. In 1871, he published his masterwork, Primitive Culture, which can lay claimed claim to being the first work of modern anthropology. Over the decades as his beard moved morphed from a lastrus lustrous Garibaldi to a vast seavery silvery cumulonimbus boost that would have made Gandalf jealous. Tylor added to his knowledge of the worlds of world’s peoples through study in the museum and the library. Primitive Culture was, in some respects, a chorus quarrel with another book that had culture in the title , - Matthew Arnold’s Culture and Anarchy. , a collection that had appeared just two years earlier. For Arnold, the poet the and literary critic, culture was the pursuit of our total affection perfection by means of getting to knowand , on all the matters which most concern us, the best , which has been thought and said in the world.

譯文

19世纪,同众多感染肺结核的英国人一样,爱德华·伯内特·泰勒遵从医嘱离开英国,前往更温暖、更干燥的地区。泰勒出生于一个富裕的贵格会商人家庭,故而他有足够的资金进行长途旅行。1855年,二十多岁的泰勒动身前去美洲的途中结交了贵格会考古学家亨利·克里斯蒂。最后二人一同奔赴墨西哥乡下,考察阿兹特克遗址和满是灰尘的普埃布洛村落。

克里斯蒂当时已是经验颇丰的考古学家。在他的指导下,泰勒学会如何在考古现场工作。而受墨西哥当地巡佐的影响,泰勒对这里的人类族群研究——不论是古代的还是近代的——产生了浓厚的热情,这份热情一直燃烧到他生命的最后一刻。1871年,泰勒的代表作《原始文化》出版,该书可以称得上是近代人类学的第一巨作。随后几十年间,当他的胡子从光亮的加里波第式变为让甘道夫都会嫉妒的银白色长髯,泰勒一直通过博物馆和图书馆学习世界人类族群方面的知识。从某些方面来讲,《原始文化》是对另一部书《文化与无政府状态》(马修·阿诺德著)的驳斥。《文化与无政府状态》系列书籍比《原始文化》早两年出版。文化之于阿诺德——这位诗人及文学评论家——是一种对完美的追求,即了解与我们关系最密切的所有事物,领略世界上最好的想法和说法。

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Chaochen Wang 王 超辰
Assistant Professor

All models are wrong, but some are useful.

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