听写于：2016-11-24 11:44 用时：28:56 正确率：90% 错词：22个
Like many English men Englishmen who suffered from tuberculosis in the 19th century, Sir Edward Burnett Tylor went abroad on medical advice, seeking the dryer drier air of warmer regions. Tylor came from a prosperous Quaker business family. , so he had the resources for a long trip. In 1855 , in his early 20s, he left for the New World . and after befriending Henry Christy, a Quaker archaeologist archeologist he met in his travels, they ended up riding together through the Mexican countryside, visiting Aztec ruins and dusty pueblos.
Christy was already an experienced archaeologist, a dunter archeologist and under his tutorage tried to learn tutelage Tylor learned how to work in the field. , and his Mexican surgen filed sergeant fired in him an enthusiasm for the study a thorough way of faraway societiesancients , ancient and modern, that lasted the rest of his life. In 1871, he published his masterwork, Primitive Culture, which can lay claimed claim to being the first work of modern anthropology. Over the decades as his beard moved morphed from a lastrus lustrous Garibaldi to a vast seavery silvery cumulonimbus boost that would have made Gandalf jealous. Tylor added to his knowledge of the worlds of world’s peoples through study in the museum and the library. Primitive Culture was, in some respects, a chorus quarrel with another book that had “ culture “ in the title , - Matthew Arnold’s Culture and Anarchy. , a collection that had appeared just two years earlier. For Arnold, the poet the and literary critic, culture was the ‘pursuit of our total affection perfection by means of getting to knowand , on all the matters which most concern us, the best , which has been thought and said in the world. ‘
- Words worth to be remembered:
- dryer vs. drier:
Drier is a comparative adjective meaning more dry. A dryer is one of many types of electrical appliances used to dry things.The words were once interchangeable. The distinction crept into the language through the 20th century and has only recently solidified. Some dictionaries still list the words as variants of each other, but the words are almost always kept separate in 21st-century publications.
- archaeology vs. archeology : Archaeology is the standard spelling throughout the English-speaking world, even in American English, where the a is dropped from many words traditionally containing ae (or æ, as it used to be rendered). Archeology is a somewhat common variant. It is about two centuries old and is common enough to have earned its way into many of the major dictionaries, but it has hasn’t gained much traction in edited writing. The traditional spelling remains the safer choice.
- befriend [bɪ’frend]:
v. 待人如友, 帮助 I asked a certain comrade to befriend this fellow so that he would not interrupt our talks. 我请一位伙伴向这家伙套近乎以便能让他不来打断我们的谈话。
- pueblo [‘pwebləʊ]:
n. 印第安人村庄 Early Amerindians related to the Pueblo Indians is known for skill in making baskets. 和普韦布洛印地安人有联系地早期美国印地安人;以编篮子的技术而闻名。
n. 语素；变种；变 v. 在屏幕上变换图像；改变
adj. 有光泽的,光辉的; The moon was above, lustrous and serene. 天上的月亮皎洁肃穆。
n. 吵架；反目；怨言；争吵的原因；方头凿 vi. 吵架；争论；挑剔
- literay critic:
- Edward Burnett Tylor 爱德华·伯内特·泰勒（Edward Burnett Tylor，1832－1917），英国文化人类学的奠基人、古典进化论的主要代表人物。泰勒出生于伦敦一个富有的工厂主家庭，接受了良好的私人教育。
- Matthew Arnold 英国诗人、评论家。拉格比公学校长、托马斯·阿诺德之子。他所倡导的“文化批评”理论在西方文学史及思想史上占有重要的地位。阿诺德自称为“英国文化的倡导者”,后人尊他为“文化使徒”。
- dryer vs. drier: