# 枪支自杀与公共健康

Suicide Differences by Region Related to Gun Availability

One of the things we know for sure , in the United States , is that a gun in a the home increases the likelihood that someone in the home will die , in a violent death , - from gun accidents, from a women woman being murdered by a man or in an intimated intimate partner violent violence situation , and particularly , by suicide.

David Hemenway, he is . He’s the director of the Harvard Injury Control Research Center, he is . He’s also a professor of Health Policy and Management at the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health. The gun violence discussion often seems to give short shift shrift to suicide. , even though more than 60% of the approximately 22000 32,000 annual U. S. firearms deaths are suicides. Hemenway spoke at January 6th 26th at the a Harvard School of Public Health forum on gun violence as a public health issue.

The evidence is overwhelming, from case control studies to and ecological studies. For example, why do we have very different suicide rates across cities, across states, across regions in the United States, . To explain the differences in suicide rates across states. , turns out it is it’s not well explained at all by differences in mental health, it is it’s not well explained at all by differences in numbers the number of psychiatrists, it is it’s not even explained by differences in suicide radiation ideation among the population or even suicide attempts. What really explains the difference in the United States across the populations is the number of guns. Because of it’s gun suicides suicide which is so different.

And someone who commits suicide with a gun very likely would not have either attempted or succeeded if the gun were not available. For example, a 2013 Swiss study , tracked men after the size of their army was cut in half, effectively when removing guns from half of that group, . The overall suicide rate went down, and the researcher researchers estimated that only 22% of all the men who would’ve would have killed themselves with a gun if it had been available wound up committing the act by other means. The presence of guns the gun just make makes it significantly easier to take their your own lives life impulsively.

The entire hour-long forum featuring Hemenway and other researchers discussing gun violence as a public health issue is archived on lineonline. Just google " Harvard public health forum” .

• Words worth to be remembered:
• ideation n. 观念构成

## 譯文：

• “()”中的是我認爲正確的翻譯
• 黑體字是我認爲翻譯得好的部分

##### Chaochen Wang 王　超辰
###### Assistant Professor

All models are wrong, but some are useful.