# 輪回轉世

For Buddhists, god's waiting room is a stepping stone to another life. And to learn more about that, I've come here to the Amaravati Monastery in its peaceful rural setting , near the town of Berkhamsted , north of London. And I gain I'm going to meet the abbot , Ajahn Amaro.

" Well, from the Buddhist perspective, the things thing that causes the most trouble for us, while we'ar we're alive, or we're dying , is a the habit that of what we all will call clinging or grasping attachment. If you were you're hanging onto on to your possessions, or you're hanging onto on to the regrets that you have . and thinking in terms of the customary Buddist Buddhist pattern that we are of understanding . There is that there's a pattern of past lives and future lives that we are we're all experiencing, so the present life is one of a life large sequence. And so the basic process of Buddhist practice and the underlying current of it is trying to try to end rebirth altogether. "

" I think this is the most fascinating concept. It's very ancient. It emerges within Indian tradition, Buddhist tradition follows it, sick Sikh tradition generally follows it. But what's going on with it? What's the driver? , the driver of reincarnation , as the ideas it developed, was the one that of merit. But this idea of merit of also drives the Jewish , Christian , Islamic world , which is not a reincarnation world. , but it is a world of life, death, judgment, judgement and an afterlife. When in the West, we pick up this concept of reincarnation, we picked pick it up rather positively and joyfully. In actual fact, it's something you just gotta go through and through and through and through , until of course , you gain release. "

• Words worth to be remembered:
• stepping stone: 垫脚石；跳板；进身之阶 例： The next rock in your path may be a stepping stone. 也许人生路上的下一个绊脚石就是垫脚石。
• hang on to: 紧紧抓住；紧握 例： For most nations, it is a great achievement to hang on to what you already have. 对于大多数国家来说，为了已经拥有的东西而坚持不懈是伟大的成就。
• clinging:adj. 执着的；有黏性的；紧靠着的 v. cling的现在分词；抓紧
• grasping: adj. 贪婪的，贪心的 v. grasp的现在分词；抓住
• customary: adj. 习惯的；通常的
• underlying current: 其潜在的趋势
• altogether: adv. 完全地；总共；总而言之
• reincarnation: n. 再赋与肉体，化身，再生，转世，轮回
• merit: n. 优点，价值；功绩；功过 vt. 值得 vi. 应受报答
• afterlife:n. 来世;晚年
• joyfully:adv. 欢喜地;高兴地;快乐地
• in actual fact: 事實上

## 譯文

“从佛教的视角来看，引起最大麻烦的东西是我们依赖于附属物的习惯，无论我们是生还是死。如果你紧握住你的财富不放，或是放不下过去的悔恨，那么以传统的佛教模式思考，或者说理解我们都在经历着的前世和来世，今生只是一长串序列中的一部分。所以佛教修行的基本过程及其潜在的趋势是终止轮回转世。”

“我认为这是最令人着迷的一个概念。它非常古老，起源于印度教传统，佛教继承了它，锡克教大致上也沿袭了它。然而之后发生了什么？随着理念的发展，行善所得的功德成为了投胎转世的驱动者。这种功德的理念同样推动了不存在投胎再生的犹太教、基督教、伊斯兰教世界，形成了生死、审判以及来世的世界。在西方，我们习得了轮回转世的理念，我们相当正面且愉快地接受了它。事实上，它就是你不断地经历磨难直到最后得到解脱的过程。”

##### Chaochen Wang 王　超辰
###### Assistant Professor

All models are wrong, but some are useful.