# 宗教與食品

For many people, the Christmas season is the a time for merriment, for eating, for drinking, and for doing everything to excess. If you were you’re religious, it might seem to go against what this time of year is all about. , and certainly , there is there’s no shortage of church leaders who rail against the commercialization commercialisation of Christmas. Yet a lot of these this conspicuous feasting does have a religious origin. In a moment, we’ll hear how many religious holidays were festivals. But first, the link between religion and consumption hasn’t gone unnoticed by food companies and retailers. In fact, increasingly we’re seeing religious food stuffs, marked as kosher or halal for instance, going mainstream. You can find those marks on a whole range of products now sold in many Western supermarkets. So how did that happen? How did kosher and halal become as mainstream as, say, vegetarianism in the food industry? Elizabeth Hotson went to find out , here in London.

There was a time when if you want wanted a bagelyou get , you’d go to a Jew’s Jewish bakery. or a halal butcher for land slaughtered lamb slaughted according to Islamic law. Nowadays supermarket supermarkets stock what were was once considered specialist and rather exotic items. , and savi savvy businesses are taking advantagesadvantage. On a rainy day in London, I took refuge in Gifto . a Pakistani restaurant to the west of the city.

• Words worth to be remembered:
• merriment:n. 欢喜,嬉戏
• conspicuous:adj. 显眼的，明显的，引人注目的
• kosher:adj. 合适的；符合犹太教教规的，干净的
• halal:n. 伊斯兰教律法的合法食物 v. 按伊斯兰教律法屠宰牲畜
• savvy:adj. 有见识的；具有实际知识的 n. 悟性；头脑 v. 理解；懂, 精明
• rail/reɪl/: v. 强烈抗议 例句： It also likes to rail against U.S. support for authoritarian regimes in the Islamic world. 它差点就要责骂美国在伊斯兰世界里支持独裁政体。
• take refuge:避难；躲避 例句： He is my loving God and my fortress, my stronghold and my deliverer, my shield, in whom I take refuge, who subdues peoples under me. 他是我慈爱的主，我的山寨，我的高台，我的救主，我的盾牌，是我所投靠的。 他使我的百姓服在我以下。

## 譯文

##### Chaochen Wang 王　超辰
###### Assistant Professor

All models are wrong, but some are useful.