听写于：2016-3-4 | 正确率：90%
We’ve been dealing with an epidemic in the United States related to opioids.
Wilson Compton, deputy director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse of the National Institutes of Health. He spoke February 12th at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Washington, D. C.
What we’ve seen is that the increase increased number of prescription prescriptions are driving , the nonmedical use of prescription drugs.
Drugs that are prescribed to treat pain.
So there is there’s tremendous availability of prescriptions. There is are some 260 million prescriptions written in each year for opioids. That’s not tablets, that’s prescriptions. So its it’s millions and millions of these , and some of them are available for diversion and used use inappropriately.
Some of the pain patients may become hooked, . Or their meds may find their ways way to friends or relatives who take them recreationally. Or , a prescription opioid users user may transition to heroin.
Heroin is just another opioid drug. , so the brain doesn’t distinguish , whether it comes from a pharmacy or it comes from a street drug dealer.
What’s being been drawing the most public health attention , is the overdose death rates related to prescription of opioids and heroin, which have increased markedly over the last 15 years. Right now , we see drug overdose is overdoses killing nearly 50,000 persons in a given year in the United States.
What are we doing about this? We are We’re focusing in three areas. We need to think about prevention in terms of reducing access to prescriptions as the ultimate upstream driver of this epidemic. We need to be thinking in terms to of saving lives acutely by providing greater access to the reversing drugs, drug - this is nalaoxone the naloxone - that blocks , the impactsimpact. So if somebody is overdose somebody’s overdosed and there are no they’re not breathing , and I can get this medication to them quickly. , I can resuscitate them. I guess there is That gives us a chance to help them turn their lives around with a the third aspect, which is greater access to effective treatment, through medication assistant medication-assisted treatment.
But we also think we need to come up with better approaches for treating pain. Whether What are non-medical approaches , that might use brain stimulation techniques, for example, to treat pain. Whether ? What are other medications that don’t include the opioid existence system that might be useful. ? These are the kinds of advances that science can bring us so that we can turn around this overdose epidemic . They are that right now shows tremendous increase increases each year.
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